The Maritime Labour Convention 2006 was adopted by the 94th International Labour Conference at a maritime session in Geneva in February 2006.

It provides comprehensive rights and protection at work for the world's 1.2 million plus seafarers.

MLC sets out the right of seafarers to decent conditions of work on a wide range of subjects, and aims to be globally applicable, easily understandable, readily updatable and uniformly enforced.

To come into force, the MLC had to be ratified by at least 30 member states, with a total share in the world gross tonnage of ships of 33 per cent. This milestone was reached on August 20, 2012. The MLC therefore comes into force on August 20, 2013.